Allium wallichii Kunth
- genus Allium L.
Roots elongate, thick. Bulb solitary or clustered, cylindric; tunic yellowish brown, laciniate or fibrous to subreticulate. Leaves linear to broadly so, shorter than to subequaling scape, 5-20 mm wide, midvein distinct, base not narrowed into a petiole. Scape lateral, 20-50 cm, 3-angled, sometimes narrowly 3-winged, covered with leaf sheaths only at base. Spathe 1- or 2-valved, deciduous. Umbel hemispheric, laxly or densely flowered. Pedicels subequal, 2-4 times as long as perianth, ebracteolate. Perianth stellately spreading, recurved after anthesis, pale red, red, or purple to blackish purple, rarely white; segments oblong-elliptic to narrowly so, 5-9 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, apex retuse or obtuse. Filaments subulate, shorter than to subequaling perianth segments, connate at base and adnate to perianth segments. Ovary obovoid-globose, smooth; ovules 2 per locule. Style longer than ovary.
Allium wallichii var. wallichii is close relative of Allium wallichii var. platyphyllum, but differs from the latter in its leaves linear to broadly so (vs. oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate), base not narrowed into a petiole (vs. narrowed into a petiole), scape covered with leaf sheaths only at base (vs. leaf sheaths for ca. 1/2 its length).
The chromosomal number of Allium wallichii is 2n = 14, 28 (Huang et al., 1995; Ohri et al., 1998).
Ecology and Distribution
Flowering and fruiting from July to October.
Allium wallichii is occurring in Guangxi, Guizhou, S Hunan, SW Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW Yunnan of China, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim.
Phylogeny of Allium subgenus Amerallium was inferred from the combined ITS and ETS dataset (Nguyen et al., 2008). Results shown all Allium species with chromosome base numbers of n = 7 into subgenus Amerallium, which contains both Old World and North American species. The North American taxa were monophyletic and sister to the Old World taxa. In the Old World Amerallium clade, the monophyletic section Bromatorrhiza Ekberg (= A. wallichii and A. hookeri) was sister to a clade containing all other sections: Narkissoprason Kam. (= A. insubricum), Briseis (Salisb.) Stearn (= A. paradoxum and A. triquetrum), Arctoprasum Kirschl. (= A. ursinum), Molium (= A. moly, A. subhirsutum, A. zebdanense, A. roseum, and A. chamaemoly).
Growing in forest margins, scrub, moist meadows, stream banks; 2300-4800 m.
- Allium bulleyanum Diels (synonym)
- Allium bulleyanum var. tchongchanense (H. Léveillé) Airy Shaw (synonym)
- Allium feddei H. Léveillé (synonym)
- Allium liangshanense Z. Y. Zhu (synonym)
- Allium polyastrum Diels (synonym)
- Allium praelatitium H. Léveillé (synonym)
- Allium tchongchanense H. Léveillé (synonym)
- Allium wallichii var. albidum F. T. Wang & T. Tang (synonym)
- Nothoscordum mairei H. Léveillé (synonym)