Phytolacca acinosa

Phytolacca acinosa Roxburgh

Languages: English

Overview

General Description

Herbs perennial, glabrous, 0.5-1.5 m tall. Roots obconic, thick, fleshy. Stems erect, green or reddish purple, terete, longitudinally grooved, fleshy, branched. Petiole 1.5-3 cm; leaf blade elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, 10-30 cm long, 4.5-15 cm wide, papery, base cuneate, apex acuminate or sharply pointed. Racemes erect, terete, usually shorter than leaves, densely flowered; peduncle 1-4 cm. Pedicel 6-10 mm. Flowers bisexual, ca. 8 mm in diameter. Tepals 5, white or yellowish green, elliptic, ovate, or oblong, 3-4 mm long, ca. 2 mm broad, equal, after anthesis reflexed. Stamens 8-10, ca. as long as tepals; filaments persistent, white, subulate, base broad; anthers pink, elliptic. Carpels usually 8, distinct. Styles erect, short, apex curved. Infructescence erect. Berry purplish black when mature, oblate, ca. 7 mm in diameter. Seeds reniform, ca. 3 mm, 3-angulate, smooth.

Author(s): Wen, Jun
Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun

Description

Diagnostic Description

Phytolacca acinosa is close relative of Phytolacca polyandra, but differs from the latter in its distinct (vs. connate) carpels, 8-10 (vs. 12-16) stamens, green or white (vs. pink) carpels.

Author(s): Wen, Jun
Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun

Genetics

The chromosomal number of Phytolacca acinosa 2n = 36, 72 (Ge et al., 1988; Kabu et al., 1989).

Author(s): Wen, Jun
Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun

Ecology and Distribution

Cyclicity

Flowering from May to August; fruiting from June to October.

Author(s): Wen, Jun
Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun

Distribution

Phytolacca acinosa is Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang of China, Bhutan, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Sikkim, Vietnam.

Author(s): Wen, Jun
Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun

Habitat

Growing in valleys, hillsides, forest understories, forest margins, roadsides, cultivated beside houses, moist fertile lands, or a weed; 500-3400 m.

Author(s): Wen, Jun
Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun

Relevance

Uses

Phytolacca acinosa was used medicinally.

Author(s): Wen, Jun
Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun

Taxonomy

  • Phytolacca esculenta Van Houtte (synonym)
  • Phytolacca pekinensis Hance. (synonym)

References

Ge, C. J., Li Y. K., Wan P., & Li Y. X. (1988).  Observations on the chromosome numbers of medicinal plants from Shandong Province (V). (JiangF H., Ed.).Journal of Shandong College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 12,
Kabu, R., Wafai B. A., & Kachroo P. (1989).  A new chromosome number in genus Phytolacca Linn. CIS Chromosome Information Service. 46,