Phytolacca acinosa Roxburgh
- genus Phytolacca L.
Herbs perennial, glabrous, 0.5-1.5 m tall. Roots obconic, thick, fleshy. Stems erect, green or reddish purple, terete, longitudinally grooved, fleshy, branched. Petiole 1.5-3 cm; leaf blade elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, 10-30 cm long, 4.5-15 cm wide, papery, base cuneate, apex acuminate or sharply pointed. Racemes erect, terete, usually shorter than leaves, densely flowered; peduncle 1-4 cm. Pedicel 6-10 mm. Flowers bisexual, ca. 8 mm in diameter. Tepals 5, white or yellowish green, elliptic, ovate, or oblong, 3-4 mm long, ca. 2 mm broad, equal, after anthesis reflexed. Stamens 8-10, ca. as long as tepals; filaments persistent, white, subulate, base broad; anthers pink, elliptic. Carpels usually 8, distinct. Styles erect, short, apex curved. Infructescence erect. Berry purplish black when mature, oblate, ca. 7 mm in diameter. Seeds reniform, ca. 3 mm, 3-angulate, smooth.
Phytolacca acinosa is close relative of Phytolacca polyandra, but differs from the latter in its distinct (vs. connate) carpels, 8-10 (vs. 12-16) stamens, green or white (vs. pink) carpels.
The chromosomal number of Phytolacca acinosa 2n = 36, 72 (Ge et al., 1988; Kabu et al., 1989).
Ecology and Distribution
Flowering from May to August; fruiting from June to October.
Phytolacca acinosa is Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang of China, Bhutan, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Sikkim, Vietnam.
Growing in valleys, hillsides, forest understories, forest margins, roadsides, cultivated beside houses, moist fertile lands, or a weed; 500-3400 m.
Phytolacca acinosa was used medicinally.
- Phytolacca esculenta Van Houtte (synonym)
- Phytolacca pekinensis Hance. (synonym)